With so many grades, wood species, colours, complicated specifications and types of finish, choosing the right range of engineered wood flooring for your home can be a daunting task. Here at JFJ, our many years of experience in the wood flooring industry has taught us how to help customers quickly and effectively choose the board that best suits their needs judging by their tastes and their property. In this article, we’ve put together a top 5 tips to consider when choosing your wood flooring.
A quality engineered wood flooring is constructed of multiple layers that are stacked in a cross structure. It is this structure that gives engineered wood flooring its strength and durability. The top layer of the board is commonly known as the ‘Wear layer’ and is 100% solid hardwood. You can find some cheaper ranges where this layer is made up of a number of strips of wood. However if you are looking for a traditional and quality looking board then we would suggest choosing a ‘single strip’ wear layer which is made up of one section of timber. When comparing boards, you will see that the wear layer differs in thickness between ranges. The thicker the wear layer the more times the board can be sanded back in years to come and the longer the life expectancy. Here at JFJ Wood Flooring, we stock a variety of wear layer thicknesses – the thinnest have a wear layer of 3mm, and our thickest ‘Supreme’ range has a wear layer depth of 6mm which can last just as long as a solid wood board!
The under-core is the term used for what lies beneath the oak and although it’s something you are never going to see, it is still one of the most important factors to consider. This is the part of the board that determines how stable the engineered wood floorboard is. Under-cores can vary in quality but a high quality board will have what is known as a multi-laminate hardwood ply. Plywood is used extensively in the building trade and is well known for its strength and stability due to its cross layered construction. Many cheaper engineered wood flooring ranges are made up of a ‘block board’ type under-core (only 1 or 2 layers). This type of engineered board is slightly cheaper but is certainly not as stable and reliable as a multi-laminate ply. Choosing a good quality under-core is particularly important if you intend to install or have installed an underfloor heating system, or are laying the boards in an area that is prone to changes in heat or humidity. Choose a board with a plywood core as their strong cross-layered structure will make the boards far less prone to swelling or shrinking.
Engineered wood floor boards come in a wide range of lengths and widths, all of which create different effects when fitted. There is neither ‘right’ nor ‘wrong’ when choosing a board with the dimensions that will suit your property, it is purely personal preference. However there are a couple of factors worth considering. Shorter and narrower floorboards are always cheaper to purchase and can often be a way in which to save money without cutting back on the overall quality of the board itself. Some also consider a narrower shorter board to have a more traditional and less contemporary feel to them and therefore can be more suited to certain types of property. However this again is very much down to personal tastes. Wider and longer boards on the other hand will always be that little bit more expensive but are always quicker and easier to fit. This is an important factor to consider when pricing up your job. Also long and wide floorboards will show off more of the natural decorative grain that is featured in timber before breaking that grain when joining up to another board. Because of this many consider them that bit more attractive in appearance.
When purchasing engineered oak flooring, you can either buy your boards pre-treated (i.e finished at the factory with certain oils or lacquers), or untreated, which allows to you to treat your boards onsite with a finish that you choose to suit your needs.
Below, we’ve summarised the benefits and draw-backs of each:
Benefits of pre-treated boards:
- Pre-treated boards are protected from damage such as accidental marks from the moment they come out of the box.
- You do not have to further treat the board if you wish not to, they can be simply laid and left as they are.
Potential draw-backs of pre-treated boards:
- In any natural timber floor you will get a variation from board to board making samples very misleading. People can make decisions judging from the colour and finish of a sample only to realise that the overall floor is not quite as they expected.
- From experience we are yet to find a factory applied finish that is as good as some of the treatments that can be applied on site once the boards have been laid. Although there are pre-treated boards where additional oils can still be applied, some can prevent you from using any further treatments. Before making your decision consider how hard wearing the finish is, how stain resistant it is and easy the finish is to maintain. All very important factors to consider that will benefit you long term.
Benefits of untreated boards:
- With an untreated board you choose the oils or lacquers that will achieve the correct colour and level of protection to suit your property. The final result is not pre-determined by a factory finish and will be exactly as you want it.
- We feel that custom selected, hand-applied treatments can achieve the highest levels of protection as you have total control over what treatments are used. Many quality oils also come with maintenance products that can make the finish of the board last much longer.
Potential draw-backs of untreated boards
- It has to be done on site! Treating an untreated board does have to be done on site. This is of course an extra job to do and you must keep people off the floor as its being treated and drying.
- It is easier to mark an untreated board. However this is hugely dependant on how you treat the floor while / directly after it’s being fitted. Treat the floor with care, keep mud and dirt out the room and temporarily cover the boards if necessary and you won’t have any problems. TOP TIP: Use the boxes that the flooring comes out of to walk / kneel on if you want to protect the board.
To provide maximum flexibility of finish and to ensure the highest levels of protection, all of our boards are either untreated or pre-treated with natural oils which all allow for further treatments to be applied.
If you use a high quality treatment such as Treatex hardwax oil your floor will be much easier to maintain and look after. This high quality, tried and tested product will not only help to protect the boards from scratches, scuffs and stains, it will also enhance the natural features of your real wood flooring. Real wood will naturally fall victim to scuffs and scratches and nothing can prevent this 100%, but Treatex have a number of maintenance products to help you replenish any imperfections that may be caused to your floor over the years. This is a far better way to go than many other types of treatment that are very difficult to maintain once marked in any way. Treatex is also very stain and water resistant making it the perfect treatment for areas such as the kitchen, bathroom, dining room etc. Here at JFJ we stock Treatex products and are more than happy to and offer advice about how best to apply the treatments.
More Information on Wood Floor Finishes and Choices:
Now that you have read our top 5 tips for wood flooring considerations, read some more guides to helping you choose the right finish, the perfect treatment and advice on colours to finish your wood floor to perfection.
- Treated or Untreated Boards? What is the difference between an untreated or treated board and what are the advantages and disadvantages of the options?
- Lacquered Finish or Oil Finish? So you have chosen to buy a treated engineed board, should you choose a lacquer finish or an oil based finish, what would work best for your property?
- Ccolour - Not the only factor to consider? Its not all about the colour. There are many aspects to consider when purchasing your wooden floor and you must make sure that colour isnt the only thing you think about.
- White and Lime Floorboard Tips; If you are going white, read our guide on why lighter oak finishes work in some homes and not others, a modern choice that works in the right property.
- How to avoid an Orange wooden floor; Its not uncommon for people to be concerned about not wanting thier floor to be orange in colour. Our tips to avoiding an orange oak floor